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This is 22 minutes of content for 2-person officiating and 8 more minutes for 3-man instruction if you wish. It can be watched in a few sittings but you’ll need to watch all of it.

You can start at 44 seconds if you’d like

1:05 – here’s a visual depiction of the four numbered quadrants that will be referenced constantly
1:30 – They talk about what quadrant to be in. One concept you can think of is “see chests and sticks (of the ball carrier and her defenders), not backs and butts”
1:48 – The player moves from quadrant 2 to quadrant 1 and you see the official move from quadrant 1 to quadrant 2. This seems to be a mistake. The lead official should remain in quadrant 1 when the player moves from quadrant 2 to quadrant 1 (or from quadrant 4 to quadrant 1). This is said explicitly at 1:58
2:12 – New officials tend to plant themselves in quadrant 1 and hang out by the goal line. Make sure you move HIGH into quadrant 2 near the first inside hash as is shown and run with purpose as shown. Note that it is very likely in a real game there will be other defensive and attack players standing near there. That’s ok, get used to it. If you need to be there to see the play, then be there.
2:50 – Note how the official moved with purpose high into quadrant 2.
3:18 – Note how the official moved to the side of the player receiving the ball so she’s not looking at #3’s back.
3:42 – Notice how much the official moved with purpose – even though she was always in the right quadrant (quadrant 1). In order to see the play at the from the side (“chests and sticks”), you want to move your feet. This will become more clear if you picture where a defender might be standing. (goal side near the shooter)
3:43 – Try to read the ball carrier. Is she going to drive? Is she going to pass?
3:56 – same as above. Is she looking to pass? Is she looking to roll? Body language will tell you a lot
4:40 – Note on the roll that the lead official ends up closer to the circle than back at 2:12. She’s about 4 meters out rather than 8 meters out.
6:04 – Lead is in the correct position before the pass, when #4 receives the pass, lead is now out of position and must quickly react and get into the right position. You should be moving a lot on lead because the ball moves around a lot.
6:40 – note all of the responsibility of trail and the expectation to move back and forth with the play
7:29 – where should trail be looking? Where should lead be looking?
7:39 – Foul? No foul?
7:50 – Foul? No foul?

8:20 – Shooting Space Video. Very Helpful

9:15 in the video shows how close they need to be. It’s a stick, not a stick and an arm. This is how defenders on a double-team can end up getting a shooting space call. If one defender is too far away (or just behind the primary defender) on a double team, they’ll get called.

9:50 in the video shows an exercise you can/should do on the field. Take a long piece of rope and set it out in a triangle. That helps players, coaches, and officials visualize the area. Note it goes all the way from the goal circle, not just from the posts. Also see how it goes to the top of the goal circle at 9:58 (or 10:17) of the video. You can use those ropes to go over the items below.

10:30 shows the most common shooting space violation and how to easily avoid it. On a free position, they can put their stick in the shooting space but their body must stay out of it. We commonly call players on this violation and they say “but I led with my stick”. Please help them understand that it’s all about their body. In this type of play, we look at their feet. If they do what the defender did at 10:30 or 10:36 – starting outside of shooting space and running straight toward the shooter, all will be fine. If they do what the defender did at 10:49 – running sideways rather than at the shooter – it’s a very obvious violation and we spot it every time. The Setup at 11:09 shows that they do have a little room to come in when the ball is at the center hash but they still run a risk if they run across the face of the goal.

12:27 – When the attack is double teamed, she can’t really shoot without following through into the double team. So white 18 would not be in violation. If attack did indeed shoot, we would look at force and placement of the shot to consider a dangerous propelling call (or dangerous follow-through if her stick hit the defender). When attack is just single teamed, then look at attack’s hands. In the beginning, attack is turned away from goal and her hands are not in a position where she could shoot. However, at 12:32 she does a turn and does get really close to being able to pull off a shot. If she had extended her arms just a bit further to the side – especially at 12:36 – she really could have shot so a shooting space call should be considered. At the HS varsity level, the attackers are good enough to snap off a shot like the opportunity at 12:36. The exercise is a little too contrived here.

13:30 Defenders who suddenly find themselves in shooting space (even if caused by the play) have the responsibility to get themselves out of shooting space. See how the defender took a step to her left to get out of shooting space. Most defenders we see in high school will just stand there. If they don’t make an effort to move, we’ll call them for shooting space.

13:56 Playing zone defense or leaving a defender back near the 8 tends to cause shooting space violations. She’s not closely marking anyone but when there is a “breakaway”, the defender naturally gets between the shooter and the goal to play defense but, since she’s not within a stick’s length, it becomes a pretty clear violation.

14:08: Low defense shadowing someone behind the net can end up in shooting space as shown. It’s not common but it can happen.

14:45 This is the second most common time we shooting space. The defender is closely marking someone but, seeing a shooter trying to score, leaves the person they were defending and tries to go to the shooter. The first few examples do it correctly. What we commonly see happens at 14:57. She stops between the shooter and the goal and runs at the shooter. Clear shooting space violation

15:02 Coaches should remind Goalies of the situation at 15:02. We’ve called that before though it is not common and only affects goalies who are not afraid to leave the goal circle.

15:29 – Clearing the lane and/or the arc

17:22 – notice the white player “cheating” to try to take the hashmark closest to where the ball will be set up even though the green player was closest to the ball at the time of the whistle. Be alert for this and put people back where they were when the whistle was blown.

22:28 – Stop here unless you want to learn more about 3-man